With around a hundred masterpieces from the 14th and 15th centuries, the exhibition is devoted to the pioneering innovations of painting at the birthplace of the Renaissance. At the beginning of the 19th century, Ludwig I was able to acquire some spectacular key works by the Florentine painters for Munich. Together with numerous high-profile loans, these panel paintings enter into a respective dialogue, which makes their specific qualities experienceable. Paintings, sculptures and drawings - including outstanding works by Giotto, Lorenzo Monaco, Donatello, Fra Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Verrocchio, Botticelli and Leonardo - thus opening up a comprehensive panorama of the tradition and development of modern art in the Medici's Florence. An accompanying presentation in the gallery shows for the first time in the history of the Old Pinakothek almost the entire Munich stock of Florentine painting from the 14th to the 16th century. The exhibition also presents the results of an interdisciplinary research project of the Bavarian State Painting Collections, thus making the work processes and the artistic achievements of the Florentine masters comprehensible.