In a period of only 14 months in 1942-1943, the Nazi occupiers succeeded in deporting, imprisoning or sending all Jews in the Netherlands into hiding. They then called the Netherlands "Judenrein". The exhibition offers a disconcerting picture of the efficient preparation for mass murder, of collaboration and the limited opportunities Jews had to resist. 75% of the Jews living in the Netherlands, including a large number of Jews who fled from Germany, were murdered during the Holocaust. That is one of the highest percentages of victims of all Western European countries, including in Germany itself.
A retrospective exhibition of the Holocaust in the Netherlands has not yet been seen in the Netherlands. It is a unique collaboration between the Jewish Cultural Quarter in Amsterdam, the Netherlands Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the Stiftung Topographie des Terrors in Berlin. After Amsterdam, the exhibition will be on display in Berlin starting in October 2019.