Soulful Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt

Exhibition Overview


Baboon appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt
Baboon Appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt. Ptolemaic Period, 305–30 B.C.E. Linen, 5½ x 2? in. (14.2 x 5.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum; Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.272E. (Photo: Gavin Ashworth, Brooklyn Museum)

In the ancient burial ground at Saqqara, Egypt, one animal cemetery alone has yielded over four million individual ibis mummies. And the nearby dog cemetery contained over seven million mummies, with countless others found throughout Egypt. This unusual aspect of ancient Egyptian culture and religion—the mummification of animals—has remained largely a mystery.

Soulful Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt explores the religious purpose of these mummies, how they were made, and why there are so many. Drawn from the Museum's renowned collection, the exhibition features choice examples from among the many millions of mummies of birds, cats, dogs, snakes, and other animals preserved from at least thirty-one different cemeteries throughout Egypt.

Animals were central to the ancient Egyptian worldview. Most animals had connections to a particular deity. After death, mummified animals’ souls could carry a message to a god. Yet not all animal mummies are what they seem. Scientific investigation of the mummies reveals that the corruption in the animal cemeteries that some contemporaneous texts allege was all too real. CT scans displayed in the exhibition uncover the empty wrappings, double mummies, and misleading packaging among some of the mummies that the priests sold to worshippers.

Soulful Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt is organized by Edward Bleiberg, Senior Curator of Egyptian Art, and Yekaterina Barbash, Associate Curator of Egyptian Art, Brooklyn Museum. The accompanying book is published by the Brooklyn Museum in association with D. Giles Ltd, London.

Exhibition Highlights


Baboon appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt
Baboon appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt
Exhibition Highlights
Baboon appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt
Photo: Gavin Ashworth, Brooklyn Museum
Baboon appliqué from an animal mummy. Possibly from Saqqara, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period, 305-330 BC
linen, 14.2 cm x 5.6 cm
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