Numerous avant-garde art movements emerged in Germany at the beginning of the twentieth century. Painters of Die Brücke (The Bridge) were the first to focus on the power of color. The Bauhaus developed a color theory for modern art. Later, following World War II, color was seen as a means of artist self-expression. During the Third Reich, these artists were ostracized, but in spite of this their work shaped the history of art in the twentieth century.
(Photo: Wassily Kandinsky, Murnau - Landscape with Green House, 1909, Oil on board, 70 x 96 cm, © Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAPG, Paris Copyright Scan: Recom Art Berlin)